23.2 C
Roma
Saturday 19 June 2021

Recommended Curzio Malaparte

Curzio Malaparte

Author of the content

Court of Assise of Chieti, 22 March 1926: the trial is held against five people (Amerigo Dumini, Albino Volpi, Giuseppe Viola, Augusto Malacria and Amleto Poveromo) accused of killing the socialist deputy Giacomo Matteotti on 10 June 1924 in Rome.

Among the witnesses in defense cited by Roberto Farinacci, Secretary of the PNF and lawyer for the accused, there is a young fascist, Curzio Suckert, who recently changed his surname to that of Malaparte. He stayed in France where he met Nicola Bonservizi, secretary of the Fascio of Paris, later killed in February 1924 by an Italian anarchist, Enrico Bonomini. Dumini, who Suckert also met in Paris, claims at the trial that Suckert had sent a report at the time to the administrative secretary of the PNF and head of a fascist secret police team in which it was stated that the inspiration behind the killing of Bonservizi had been precisely Matteotti: the killing of the socialist deputy would therefore have been a sort of fascist retaliation, which went beyond the intentions.

Recent studies (Mauro Canali, Il delitto Matteotti) have made it possible to clarify that Dumini's was a defensive strategy artfully constructed to try to divert the course of the investigation, so much so that it was not even mentioned in the trial against the same defendants and their other accomplices. at the Corte di Assise in Rome in 1947.

During the interrogation Suckert - Malaparte, (recently published: Guerri, L'arcitaliano, p. 79) did not deny this version, on the contrary trying to validate it, asserting that the same evening of Matteotti's kidnapping he had met Dumini who had told him that Matteotti he had been kidnapped to teach him a lesson but that unfortunately the socialist deputy had died, thus endorsing the thesis of the defense (manslaughter) accepted by the Court of Assizes of Chieti (but not subsequently by that of Rome).

Chieti was an episode that Malaparte (by now with this surname was beginning to be known) tried in every way to forget, so much so as not to mention it in his numerous writings.

Born in Prato on 9 June 1898 to an Italian mother and a Saxon father, Erwin Suckert, a textile dyer by profession, was baptized Lutheran, his father's religion. He was raised by a wet nurse, with whom he lived for a few years and to whose family (Baldi) he remained very close: it is no coincidence that in his only film (Christ among the masons) the good Baldi family is the protagonist of the film. In 1906 his father moved with his family to Piedmont for a new job: from there the subsequent movements began, first to Milan and then to Carate Brianza. To put a stop to these displacements of headquarters and schools, the family decided that Kurt would attend the third high school at the Cicognini college in Prato, one of the most renowned in Italy (1911). He therefore moved to Prato and at Cicognini Kurt made the first acquaintances that will have a decisive importance in his life: through some teachers he met a group of intellectuals, decidedly republicans, interventionists when it came to the entry of Italy into the First World War, Freemasons (even the young Kurt will enroll in Freemasonry to leave it in 1923, when Mussolini declared its incompatibility with fascism).

The frequented environment triggered a spring in the young man: he too would be a writer. On March 30, 1913 (he was only 15 years old) one of his stories (“The shirt of perfect happiness”) was published in the “Corriere dei Piccoli”. This was followed by collaboration with a satirical magazine ("Il bacchino") which had a short life (from January to May 1915).

At 15 he enrolled in the PRI and became secretary of the youth section of Prato. At 16 he fled from Prato, went to France and from 18 February to 18 March 1915 he was enlisted as a "second class soldier" in the "Legion of Garibaldi", a group gathered within Peppino Garibaldi, stationed in Avignon and formally framed in the Legion Foreigner. The Garibaldian Legion was dissolved and in April 1915 Kurt returned to Italy, in time to be promoted but his attention was now turned elsewhere: two months later, when Italy entered the war (May 1915) he volunteered with all the youth section of the PRI of Prato, was assigned to the 51st infantry regiment and in the summer of 1917 he was promoted to officer. He was involved in the Caporetto rout and in April 1918 sent to France with the Italian troops supporting the allied ones to try to block the advance of the German troops who had now reached not very far from Paris.

Between 14 and 15 July 1918 he took part in the battle of Bligny, a very bloody battle in which the Germans used mustard gas: the fumes irreparably damaged the lungs of the twenty-year-old Suckert. He received two French war honors, refused the military career that was offered to him and accepted instead (1919) the position of directing the press and cipher office of the supreme war council at the Versailles Peace Conference.

He participated in a competition for a diplomatic career, he won, was appointed legation clerk and sent to Warsaw (October 1919) where he had his first duel (he will support sixteen in total): he will support (Battibecco, page 22) without giving any evidence that his fencing companion was Monsignor Achille Ratti, the future Pius XI, then apostolic nuncio to Poland.

He soon obtained to be transferred to Rome, at the disposal of the Foreign Ministry, founded a magazine ("Oceania, of which only four issues were published) and published at his own expense (1921) a book," Viva Caporetto ", rejected by the publishers, kidnapped and published again the same year with the title "The revolt of the cursed saints". The thesis supported, which will then remain the core of all his thought, is that the national revolution of 1821, stifled in 1870, had been set in motion by "we interventionists and republicans" with the war: with the labor of the forts it was born a new social class, anti-democratic and anti-bourgeois, which had become mature, and which a sure political leadership could have led to victory. The criticisms came from right and left: Gramsci in the Notebooks from prison had very harsh words.

Expelled from diplomacy for having published the book without ministerial authorization, on 20 September 1922 he enrolled in the PNF in Florence and became secretary of the province's trade union federation. At the same time, however, he began his critique of fascism on those anarcho-syndicalist positions with nationalist and Mazzinian matrices which were also those of other fascist exponents, including above all Filippo Corridoni.

He enrolled in the faculty of law but never got to graduate: his interests were now only literature and politics. He began the collaboration in the "Ronda", directed by Vincenzo Cardarelli, in "Il Tempo" and "Il Mondo" and he was the animator of the literary movement "Strapaese" with Longanesi and Maccari, which exalted the Italy of the province against that of the city , defended by Stracittà, another movement that had Massimo Bontempelli as an exponent, with whom Malaparte however maintained close friendships.

In 1924 Malaparte was sent by Mussolini to Paris to carry out propaganda in favor of fascism: that was the occasion to meet Dumini, to whom he also acted as godfather in a duel with an anti-fascist, Alberto Giannini.

Back in Italy, he published a book (Living Europe) in which he argued that fascism represented the Counter-Reformation for countries like Italy not touched by the Reformation. In 1923, according to his account, (see Guerri, p. 59) he was received by Mussolini, in January 1924 he became inspector general of the PNF and two months later he founded a magazine, "The Conquest of the State" which was an appeal to fascism of the provinces, the most intransigent, together with the proposal to choose the Parliament, to be replaced with the technical labor councils, based on trade unions and corporations.

It is at this point that his entry into the trial of the accused of the Matteotti crime takes place, making the statements he will repeat during the trial of Chieti already in the preliminary investigation (1924): from the available documents it is not clear the motivation of his testimony or by whom it it was requested of him (probably by Dumini, even if it was part of a larger and more complex project to mislead the investigations).

On January 4, 1925, that is the day following Mussolini's speech to the Chamber of Deputies which marked the turning point of the regime in a clearly authoritarian sense, on “The Conquest of the State” Malaparte still considered the measures adopted inadequate and the newspaper was seized.

In May he signed the manifesto of the fascist intellectuals using his surname for the last time: for a few years he would sign Suckert - Malaparte and sometimes only Malaparte until in 1929 he obtained the official change of the surname.

He chose it by reading a booklet written in 1969, with the title "The Malapartes and the Bonapartes in the first centenary of a Malaparte - Bonaparte", in which it was stated that the surname Malaparte had been changed by papal concession to Bonaparte, with the caveat that it would be returned the original one if some descendant of the family had behaved badly.

In 1925 he published “Italia barbara”, a collection of essays and articles with a well-known introduction by Piero Gobetti, one of whom Curzio Sucker was defined as “the strongest pen of fascism”.

On December 15, 1928 Malaparte closed the magazine "The Conquest of the State", in economic difficulties and found work at II Mattino di Napoli, continuing his collaborations with cultural magazines (II Selvaggio, directed by Mino Maccari, which ceased publication in 1926, after the expulsion of its director from PNF, “900”, which he founded together with Massimo Bontempelli, “L'Italiano” founded in 1926 by Leo Longanesi).

In 1928 he published "L'arcitaliano" with the "Cantata dell'ArciMussolini", whose refrain (The sun rises and the rooster sings! Or Mussolini, rides a horse) became famous and, in the same period, "Don Camaleo, a novel by a Chameleon ”, clearly critical of fascism and Mussolini who had betrayed his revolutionary hopes. Mussolini is in fact defined: "The Great Chameleon, the great Lizard, the Great Beast of Italy". The novel was published in installments, from 1 July 1926 to 17 January 1927 in “La Chiosa”, a supplement to “Il Giornale di Genova” and abruptly interrupted after thirty-two episodes: its full publication would have caused serious consequences for its author. It came out in full edition only in 1946, even if in the introduction Malaparte stated that the publication in volume had already taken place in 1926. (V. Guerri, page 98).

Miser, very attentive to physical appearance and clothing, had many female relationships (the one with Virginia Bourbon del Monte, wife of Edoardo Agnelli, father of Gianni and his six brothers and sisters) was very well known, but he never married and never had children, at least recognized as such. His main concern was to continue to be present on the political and literary scene, while increasingly distancing himself from the fascist regime. Gianni Agnelli, who knew him as a boy, used very harsh expressions in describing him (E. Biagi, Il signor Fiat, 1976, page 41).

In September 1928, after having collaborated with “Il resto del Carlino”, he became editor-in-chief of “Il Mattino” in Naples through the interest of Augusto Turati, secretary of the PNF and his friend. In Naples he met Senator Giovanni Agnelli, owner of "La Stampa" of Turin as well as of FIAT, and he insisted so much that he succeeded in convincing him to appoint him editor of the newspaper (February 1929), which Agnelli did after obtaining the consent of Mussolini.

The new editor took the newspaper to positions that oscillated between orthodox fascism and criticism of the regime, with particular attention to what was happening abroad, from the major strikes of workers and mine workers in France and Belgium, to the internal events of the Soviet Union, after Trotsky's expulsion and the stabilization of the regime.

In May 1929 Malaparte went to Moscow, where he stayed for a month and met the most important figures of the Soviet regime, from Bulgakov to Stalin. Back in Italy, he collected his correspondences from Moscow in a volume and published them in a volume with the title "Intelligence of Lenin" ("Intelligence" stood in the specific case for "understanding"). The basic thesis of the volume was the need to look at and judge Bolshevism: "From a logical point of view ... foreign to common morality and to the common opinions of the bourgeoisie".

Mussolini asked him for reports on workers' Turin and on the political problems that Malaparte promptly sent him, sometimes the Duce received him at Palazzo Venezia, the "branch" of the director of La Stampa seemed to fall within the logic of the system, at least as long as it did not go beyond certain limits. To deny this reconstruction seems to be Malaparte's dismissal from the newspaper's management (end of January 1931) for reasons that are not well clarified (the relationship with Virginia Agnelli, opposed by her father-in-law, the disagreements with the newspaper administrator, the difficult relationships with Balbo for the critical judgments that will subsequently appear also in La Stampa about the war possibilities of the Italian air force, expressed by Giacomo Carboni, future head of the Italian secret services). Malaparte was very upset by the dismissal even though he received a very high liquidation, the amount of which remains unknown, however, and which he used to begin the construction of his villa in Capri. The villa built on the edge of Punta Masullo overlooking the sea, was designed by Adalberto Libera, one of the masters of rationalist architecture, after many discussions with Malaparte.

Built with an authorization obtained only by the intervention of Galeazzo Ciano in a restricted place, it resembles a large red brick resting on the rock. It was later inhabited for long periods by Malaparte, who received Rommel there in 1942 and in 1947, when he was thinking of joining the PCI, Togliatti with Eugenio Reale and Maurizio Valenzi. On his death the villa was bequeathed to the People's Republic of China to become the seat of a Foundation. The Foundation was not built and the villa was claimed by the heirs who won the judgment and assigned the villa as the seat of the Andrea Ronchi Foundation, a grandson of Malaparte who died at the age of 13 in Florence. The Foundation still exists today, based in Florence.

After leaving the direction of La Stampa, Malaparte began a period of long stays in Paris, where he became friends with Jean Giraudoux, André Malraux and other intellectuals of the time and became a consultant for the Grasset publisher. In 1931 he published “Technique of a coup d'etat” in which he analyzed the technique for the conquest of power beyond any ideology, with heavy criticism of Hitler, two years before his seizure of power in Germany.

Mussolini, having received assurances from Augusto Turati, about the orthodoxy of the faiths supported, after some hesitation received Malaparte, putting an end to his fears of incurring his wrath.

He yearned differently for Vita di Pizzo di ferro, known as Italo Balbo, written together with Enrico Falqui in the same year: the book, falsely flattering, aroused the ire of Balbo, also accused, in a letter to Nello Quilici (Guerri, page 150) of riding with Agnelli "who is a cynic and talks and does not hide anything".

Malaparte, fearing retaliation, welcomed the task of Italo Borrelli, editor of Corriere della Sera, to collaborate with the newspaper (1932) and left around Europe, thinking of avoiding Balbo's revenge which instead was not done. wait for. He returned to Italy at the end of September: Balbo immediately returned to ask Mussolini for measures against Malaparte. Mussolini also gave in because police reports cast serious doubts on Malaparte's loyalty to fascism. On 17 October Malaparte was arrested, locked up in the Regina Coeli prison in Rome, disbarred from the MVSN and expelled from the PNF from which, however, he had already resigned in February 1931. Judged by the Provincial Commission for the confinement of police for "offense and slander of a minister in office ”. Malaparte was sent first to Lipari, then, as Mussolini had deliberated on the sidelines of consent to confinement, to Ischia and finally through the intercession of Ciano, even to Forte dei Marmi, until again thanks to the intervention of Ciano, on 12 June 1935 with an "act of clemency" Mussolini acquitted him: the story had lasted a total of two and a half years, of which eight months spent in Lipari.

In Forte dei Marmi Malaparte bought a beautiful villa belonging to the German sculptor Adel von Hildebrand, who had it built at the end of the 800th century, by the sea in the pine forest. In the villa Malaparte he invited famous artists and writers, from Moravia to Savino: after his death the villa was sold and two buildings were built on the land. It is in Forte dei Marmi that Malaparte met Virginia Agnelli: they were about to get married, which Senator Agnelli prevented also due to the hostility of the grandchildren to their mother's new marriage.

Graced by the confinement, Malaparte founded (1935) a new magazine, "Prospettive", in which well-known writers from Baldini to Elsa Morante, from Giacomo Debenedetti to Enrico Falqui, up to politicians like Badai and painters like De Pisis, Savino and Guttuso collaborated, in addition to Maccari and Orfeo Tamburi, who also had the artistic direction of the magazine.

After a brief suspension in the spring of 1939, from October 15 of the same year the publication of the second series of the magazine began, always marked by a substantial adhesion to fascism, abandoning the critical revisionist positions of its editor. It came out until 1943: an attempt to revive Malaparte in 1952 did not have the hoped-for success. At the same time Malaparte resumed his journalistic activity and in 1939 he went to Ethiopia, sent by Il Corriere della sera to which he sent only a few correspondences. In 1940, when the war began, he was recalled with the rank of captain of the Alpine troops, despite his protests that he could not be an officer as he was excluded from the PNF. He stayed at the front for only two months, at the end of which, thanks once again to the intervention of Galeazzo Ciano, was transferred to the press office of the General Staff as an officer commanded in the service of war correspondent, a paradoxical solution that allowed him to carry out his job in the uniform of captain of the Alpine troops.

From the Greek front he sent correspondence to the Corriere della Sera in al Tempo. He then went to Yugoslavia and Romania and was at the front the day Germany attacked the Soviet Union. The correspondences from the Russian front, gathered in volumes, were published in 1943 with the title "The Volga was born in Europe": the first edition was destroyed during a bombing in Milan, the new one seized at the end of 1943 by the Germans and the postwar one published with numerous modifications in order to eliminate any expression unwelcome to the Russians (see in comparison between the various editions in Guerri, page 206).

He returned from the Russian front (he claimed to have been recalled by order of Mussolini, but this is not proven, see Guerri page 209) and took refuge, except for a brief trip to Poland in February and March 1943, in his villa in Capri, now completed and luxuriously furnished thanks also to an extraordinary donation of half a million lire obtained by the Journalists' Welfare Institute in 1939 with the motivation for medical treatment necessary for the mother.

On 25 July, at the time of the fall of fascism, he was in Stockholm: he returned to Rome convinced that for him, ex confined, the end of the fascist regime constituted a great opportunity to revive the scene ... but on 31 July, he was arrested and imprisoned in Regina Coeli prison for spreading rumors about an imminent German military intervention in Italy, thus damaging good Italian-German relations.

A week later he was released and went to Capri, where at the beginning of November he was arrested by the allies and locked up in the Poggioreale prison. Alberto Cianca, minister of the Bonomi government, recognized by him in recent months, had him released until, in February 1944, he was arrested again, this time by order of the Italian authorities of the Southern Kingdom; the accusation was of "having organized armed gangs before and after the march on Rome, of having contributed to maintaining the fascist regime with relevant acts and of illicit profits". Once again he managed to get by: he was acquitted of the charges by the commissioner for the purge of Naples and subsequently for the avocation of the regime's profits (1947). In the meantime he became a liaison officer of the Italian army with the Fifth Army. In the summer of 1944 his first approaches to joining the PCI began and for this purpose he sent the party organs a detailed autobiography in which he underlined the interest expressed for communism in his books, from "Viva Caporetto" to "L ' intelligence of Lenin ”to“ The coup d'etat technique ”. The autobiography was given to Velio Spano, director of L'Unità, who pretending to be a fortune, went with Togliatti and Maurizio Valenzi to meet him in his villa in Capri.

Togliatti worried not to close the door to intellectuals and former fascists who distanced themselves from their past, he returned to the villa with the diplomat Roberto Ducci and Dino Gentile; entrepreneur linked to the action party, and in the end he agreed that Malaparte would become the correspondent of l'Unità on the Italian front, signing under the pseudonym of Gianni Strozzi. The collaboration was abruptly interrupted on January 15, 1945 due to the protests of Mario Alicata who recognized the style of Malaparte from the first article (Sangue in San Frediano) on the liberation of Florence. It should be remembered that it was Malaparte himself in L'Unità who re-launched the thesis that the killing of the former Minister of National Education Giovanni Gentile in Florence in 1944 had taken place not by the partisans but by fascist extremist fringes concerned about the intervention. of Gentile on Mussolini to stop the excesses towards the captured partisans.

After the collaboration with the communist newspaper, Malaparte began to republish his books appropriately, starting with "Don Camaleo" and as soon as he was granted, he went (at the end of 1947) to France from where he began his collaboration with Italian and foreign newspapers (II Tempo, Paris Presse, Gazette de Lausanne among others) siding with socialist positions, which are not identified either in the PSI or in the PSDI.

In fact, he did not adhere to any party: he thus thought of the constitution of a "National Unity Front". Towards the communists fear prevails and at the same time resentment for not having been accepted among them. The violently anti-communist novel "Ballo al Kremlin", published in installments on II tempo, induced Togliatti in a speech at the Municipal Stadium in Bologna (January 15, 1949) to accuse Malaparte of engaging in "idiotic anticommunism" and to threaten to publish his autobiography, delivered at the moment in which he had requested enrollment in the PCI.

Malaparte denied, not the existence of the autobiography, but of having requested that inscription, as in fact, at least formally, had happened. He returned to Paris and tried the way of the theater with a single act (Du cÒtè de chez Proust) which was staged on November 22, 1948 and had little success. “Das Kapital”, his other play on Marx's London exile, was also staged in Paris on January 27, 1949 and greeted by the public with whistles and shouts of dissent.

He remained in France until the end of 1949, when the great success of "La Pelle" exploded in Italy, a success higher than that of "Kaputt" in 1944, two novels both centered on the horrors of war, the second set in Naples of 1944, where the people renounce freedom, dignity and honor in order to survive.

“La pelle” was greeted with conflicting judgments by Italian critics and put on the index by the Holy Office. The Municipal Council of Naples decided on the "moral ban" of its author, but the book was not confiscated, as was also requested by some. In 1950 he was director, author and screenwriter of the film "The Forbidden Christ", whose basic thesis was that in the modern age the sacrifice of the innocent is impossible as well as being unfair (a man gives up killing a boy, the cause of the death of his brother). The film had little success and, despite every attempt, Malaparte was never able to return to the cinema.

He then began to work as a special correspondent for Il Tempo in Europe and South America, until 1953, when he began to keep a regular column in the same weekly, "Battibecco", which he defined himself as: "A repertoire of Italian flaws "(Battibecco, Milan, 1955, p. 232).

He was successful and took advantage of it to defend himself and pose as a persecuted. On the political level, he expressed sympathy for Tambroni, who had set up a special office at the Ministry of the Interior for the examination of citizens' protest letters sent to Montanelli at II Tempo at his invitation. Another Christian Democrat for whom he expressed sympathy was Fanfani, while he was always strongly critical of Scelba.

On 19 July 1955 the “Sexophone” was staged at the Teatro Nuovo in Milan, a variety show highly critical of the political class, of which Malaparte was the author, screenwriter and director. The show was unsuccessful and cost its author, according to what he himself declared, a good eighteen million of the time. He continued his collaboration with “Il Tempo” and, in his criticism against the government and bureaucracy and against corruption, he found himself on the same positions as the PCI. Although the reasons were different, the attacks by the Communists in Malaparte decreased in intensity also due to the intervention of authoritative friends of Malaparte, first of all Davide Lajolo. In 1956 he ran for the PRI at the Municipal Council of Prato but was not elected. The march towards the PCI resumed, through Maria Antonietta Macciocchi, director of "Vie Nuove", the official magazine of the PCI which, starting from December 22, 1956, published article-six- by Malaparte, who left on October 12 for a trip to China by invitation of the Chinese government. He traveled the country for a long time and wrote articles full of enthusiasm for what he saw ancient and modern. At the end of September he fell ill and was hospitalized. The computational investigations immediately showed that something in the lungs was not normal: it was a tumor, as Malaparte guessed even if it was never communicated to him.

He returned to Italy via Prague (there were no air communications between Western Europe and China at that time) and after a full day of travel on 1 March he arrived in Rome. He was admitted to the Sanatrix clinic, room 11 (when they transferred him to room 34 he stated that they did so because it was closer to the coffin lift) and entrusted to the best clinicians of the time, such as professors Tozzi and Frugoni. Through Lajolo he managed to get Togliatti to visit him on 32 April. He asked him again for the PCI card and received it four days later with a letter from the Party Secretary: he entrusted it to his brother Enzo for fear that the nuns who served in the clinic would steal it from him.

On April 22 he received the PRI card, which he refused with a very polite letter, accepting it as a symbolic gift. On May 10 he made his will: he had a crisis and asked to meet Pius XII who received his sister Maria, he sent his blessing to Malaparte but gave up visiting him. He sent two Jesuits in his place, Father Cappello, an elderly canonist, and Father Rotondi, educated and politically committed precisely against the PCI in the movement "For a better world" of another Jesuit, Father Lombardi.

On June 8 he asked for and was baptized. A month later, on the night between 1 and 8 July, he had his brother, Father Rotondi, call him, who had settled in a room in the clinic next to his and wanted to confess and receive Holy Communion. On this occasion he disavowed "La pelle", his most famous novel put on the index by the Holy Office: it was the condition to enter the Catholic Church with full rights, he was originally a Lutheran, even if not a practicing one.

He died on July 19, 1957. In his will he expressed his desire to be buried on top of Mount Spazzavento, a mountain between Prato and Vai Bisenzio. The Municipality of Prato had a mausoleum built in 1961 at the point indicated by Malaparte. The tomb consists of a large stone sarcophagus in which the name and surname and the date of birth and death are engraved, with some of his phrases ("I would like to have the tomb up there, at the top of the Spazzavento, to raise my head every now and then and spitting in the cold gora of the north wind "and the other" I am from Prato, I am proud to be from Prato and I would not have been born if I had not been from Prato ").


References

  • Susanna Agnelli, We used to dress like a sailor. Milan, 1975
  • Enzo Biagi, Mr. Fiat. Milan, 1976
  • Mauro Canale, The Matteotti crime. Bologna 1997
  • Gianni Grana, Malaparte. Florence 1968
  • Giordano Bruno Guerri, The Arch Italian. Milan, 1991
  • Gianpaolo Martelli, Curzio Malaparte. Turin, 1968
  • Giuseppe Pardini, Curzio Malaparte. Milan 199

Works by Curzio Malaparte

The first edition of almost all these works has been consulted but, to facilitate possible comparisons, the references in the notes refer to more recent and accessible editions (given in the following list in square brackets).

  • Long live Caporetto !, printed in house, Prato, 1921; then reprinted with the title The revolt of the cursed saints, Rome, International Review, 1921 [for the 1923 edition, with variations and additions: Living Europe and other political essays (1921-1931), in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte, Florence, Vallecchi, 1961].
  • The wedding of the eunuchs, Rome, International Review, 1922 [Living Europe and other political essays (1921-1931), in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte, Florence, Vallecchi, 1961].
  • Living Europe, Florence, La Voce, 1923 [Living Europe and other political essays (1921-1931), in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte, Florence, Vallecchi, 1961].
  • The realm of the cuckolds of France, unfinished, serialized in «L'Italiano», March-October 1926.
  • Italy barbara, Turin, Gobetti, 1926 [Living Europe and other political essays (1921-1931), in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte, Florence, Vallecchi, 1961].
  • Adventures of a captain of doom, Rome, La Voce, 1927.
  • Don Camaleo, partially published in installments in "La Chiosa", 1927-28, and "L'Italiano", 1928, 1930; first complete edition in volume: Florence, Vallecchi, 1946.
  • The Arcitaliano, Rome, La Voce, 1928 [L'Arcitaliano and all the other poems, in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte, Florence, Vallecchi, 1963].
  • Lenin's intelligence, Milan, Treves, 1930.
  • Sodom and Gomorrah, Milan, Treves, 1931.
  • The keepers of disorder, Turin, Fratelli Buratti, 1931 [Living Europe and other political essays (1921-1931), in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte, Florence, Vallecchi, 1961].
  • Life of Pizzo-di-Ferro, known as Italo Balbo, Rome, Littorio Library, 1931.
  • Technique du coup d'État, Grasset, 1931; Coup technique, Florence, Vallecchi, 1946 [Florence, Vallecchi, 1973].
  • Le bonhomme Lénine, Paris, Grasset, 1932; Good soul Lenin, Florence, Vallecchi, 1962.
  • Escapes to prison, Florence, Vallecchi, 1936.
  • Blood, Florence, Vallecchi, 1937.
  • An Italian tragedy, unfinished, published in installments on "Circoli",
  • 1939-40, and then in The dance in the Kremlin and other unpublished novel, Fi-
  • renze, Vallecchi, 1971.
  • Woman like me, Milan, Mondadori, 1940 [1958].
  • 1The sun is blind, serialized in «Tempo», January-April 1941; first edition in volume: Florence, Vallecchi, 1947.
  • The Volga was born in Europe, Milan, Bompiani, 1943 [Florence, Vallecchi, 1965].
  • Autobiography, typescript, 1944; published in «Rinascita», August and September 1957.
  • Kaputt, Naples, Casella, 1944 [Florence, Vallecchi, 1960].
  • Deux chapeaux de paille d'Italie, Paris, Denoél, 1948; partially published in Italy in "Il Tempo", November 1947.
  • History of tomorrow, serialized in "Il Tempo", January 1949; first edition in volume: Rome-Milan, Aria d'Italia, 1949.
  • The squabble, Rome-Milan, Air of Italy, 1949 [The Arcitaliano and all the other poems, in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte, Florence, Vallecchi, 1963].
  • Skin, Rome-Milan, Air of Italy, 1949.
  • Forbidden Christ, typewritten script and script.
  • Das Kapital e Du cóté de chez Proust, Rome-Milan, Aria d'Italia, 1951, published in French.
  • Curzio Malaparte begins the story of his life, «Cronache Italians ", May-July 1954.
  • Women also lost the war, Bologna, Cappelli, 1954.
  • Two years of bickering, Milan, Garzanti, 1955.
  • Sexophone, typescript script, Teatro Nuovo, Milan, 1955.
  • Damned Tuscans, Florence, Vallecchi, 1956 [1970].
  • I, in Russia and China, Florence, Vallecchi, 1957 [1962].
  • Rotten mom, Florence, Vallecchi, 1959.
  • English in Paradise, Florence, Vallecchi, 1960.
  • Italian blessed, Florence, Vallecchi, 1961.
  • Journey through earthquakes, Florence, Vallecchi, 1963.
  • The great fool, Florence, Vallecchi, 1964; in Don Camaleo and others satirical writings, in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte.
  • Diary of a foreigner in Paris, Florence, Vallecchi, 1966.
  • Bickering (1953-57), Milan, Palaces, 1967.
  • The living tree and other prose, Florence, Vallecchi, 1969, in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte; it also contains an anthology of 48 elzeviri (1928-1956).
  • The dance in the Kremlin and other unpublished novel, Florence, Vallecchi, 1971, in Complete works by Curzio Malaparte.





We are a young editorial reality e we do not receive public funding. Our work is supported only by the contribution of the publisher (CuDriEc Srl) and advertising revenue. THE readers they are ours true wealth. Every day we try to deliver accurate, unique and true insights.
Support Moondo, support independent information!
I wish to send a free donation to Moondo (click and donate)



Yours opinion for us it is very important.
Comment on WhatsApp
Now also on Google News, click here and follow us



Sign up for our free newsletter

Stay up to date on the latest insights.
Leave your email address, select your interests and receive for free on your inbox the first page of Moondo with the most interesting news selected for you.