Political propaganda is most effective when it manages to produce slogans: preferably short and icastic. It is a lesson from advertisers who obviously know about it. There are formulas that find immediate, positive feedback from the public. And they are not just the work of politicians. Maitre à penser, journalists, sociologists, even quisque de populo can devise them.
The covid19 pandemic has suggested a phrase that is having a lot of luck and that is frequently repeated on the mass media and even on social media. It is said, in essence, that "Italy must rediscover the postwar spirit!"
Obviously, in recalling those times full of reconstructive fervor, whoever pronounces it or cites it feels the obligation to mention men of the temper of Alcide De Gasperi, Ezio Vanoni, Raffaele Mattioli and to remember the Italian miracle that was to transform a country that was still predominantly agricultural in one of the most industrialized economies in the world.
The formula meets luck, but must be analyzed in depth.
Few, in fact, have recalled the enormous differences between the general situation of those distant times and that of today.
1) After the Second World War, an allocation of about 14 billion dollars from the United States of America allowed a plan for European economic recovery (called the "Marshall Plan", named after the US Secretary of State who conceived it) , agreed point by point with the countries of the Old Continent (after the Soviet Union's refusal to participate).
And this in the spirit of industrial capitalism to encourage free entrepreneurship, relax the austerity policies imposed by the war needs and improve the living conditions of populations.
The post-corona virus situation is vastly different.
To manage any intervention for the recovery will be a European Union in which Germany, which was among the countries defeated in the Second World War (and we can add: "fortunately"), has a dominant role. Furthermore, the hegemonic spirit in continental Europe is that of strongly opposed monetary capitalism, or rather declared enemy of industrial capitalism.
For the bankers who govern continental Europe, through the Brussels technocrats, industrial companies must remain "lame" to be in need of loans and mortgages.
And this is well understood by the United States of America and Great Britain which have opposed the heavy interference, claimed by the government of their respective countries, by the financial centers of the West.
The "point by point" joint agreement of the Marshall Plan is replaced by an authoritarian diktat of the technocrats of the European Union, probably connected with the leaders of Wall Street in the City (idest: proposal to take it or leave it) which provides only temporary loans for only healthcare expenses with an "unconditional" formula which, coincidentally, is not provided for (and therefore prohibited) by the current EU Treaties of 5.3.2011, they, in fact, provide verbatim: "The granting of any financial assistance ... it will be subject to strict conditionality ”. It is clear that any other “agreed agreement” would always be open to challenge after its signing by the countries opposed to it.
2) The "post-war spirit" was pervaded (in Italy, but not only in it) by an anxiety for radical changes in the Constitution of States, in the confidence to find a fair balance between the rules for the restoration of a democratic life and an improvement in the conditions of civil and social coexistence.
Today, there is only the disappointing observation of the total collapse of the constitutional institutions envisaged for the Bel Paese and no yearning, at least clear and clearly manifested, for their radical modification.
And this despite the impeccable spectacle offered to the world by Italy on the occasion of the current Coronavirus pandemic.
First question: It is possible not to ask for a bit of a "clean sweep" of all the confused, cumbersome and contradictory rules that governments, indifferently left and right, have written, in the constitutional provision, about the division of competences state and regional?
Sure. There are still those who persist in considering our Constitutional Charter "the most beautiful in the world", according to the slogans of the Catto-Communists, with the backing of loud statements by "illustrious" names from the institutions and the Academy. And it is equally undoubted that, good or bad it may be, our fundamental law always represents the only "compass" to follow in times of calm or storm. Nobody can deny that it must be scrupulously observed and all the laws and provisions intended to be in force in the country to regulate our relations must conform to it.
This, however, until it is replaced by another Constitution that the Italians believe they must promote because it is more in keeping with our times, with views of socio-political phenomena freer than those that could have been had in the Second World War and, above all, no longer conditioned (within the limits, of course, of the possible) by pervasive religious ideas, two thousand years old, or by philosophical ideologies (the idealistic German post-Hegelian ones) guilty of having caused massacres and massacres in the world.
A Constitution, in other words, less steeped in faith or political fanaticism, less dependent on known traumatic historical events and above all less subject to the influence of the "spirit" of Yalta (which did not hover in Parliament, as it is said that " saint "in the Sistine Chapel, at the time of the election of the Pope, but who made himself felt anyway, perhaps with less efficacy given his human nature, in the premises and among the benches of Parliament).
A new fundamental charter could better respond to the changes that have occurred as a result of the law of the times.
Those who continue to believe that ours is the most beautiful Constitution in the world could at least recall, very quietly, the verse of Horace, who in the Epistle to the Pisoni of Ars Poetica says: Quandoque bonus dormitat Homerus (to express the idea that even the major Vate of ancient Greece could have had an abbiocco blow).
Second Question: Is it possible that in the choir of the many "singers" of our fundamental Charter there is also no vocal voice? It is likely that no one believes that among the Constituents (coming, with the means of transport at the time, not exactly comfortable, from distant places on the Peninsula, from the Alpe to Sicily) many could be forced to indulge in the "nap" while discussing of important points?
Conclusion: We hope that someone is there and that alongside the spirit of post-war economic recovery there is also the rebirth of a "constituent spirit" for the enactment of a new fundamental Charter of our disaster state.