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Friday 18 June 2021

Recommended Craxi: self-criticism no, criticism yes ...

Craxi: self-criticism no, criticism yes ...

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I agree with Luca Josi on socialists and socialism.

This morning I wake up with aWalter Veltroni's interview with Gennaro Acquaviva, in the Corriere della Sera, in several chats in which I participate there is an exchange of views, there is no lack of controversy. The theme is Bettino Craxi, the socialism of those years, the historical compromise and Craxi's tears after the letter sent to him by Aldo Moro during the kidnapping.

I read and reread the interview, also in the light of who the interviewer is and what he represented, because the good Walter is not only a journalist, but an experienced left-wing politician, the interviewee is a historic PSI executive, chief of Craxi's political secretariat and his advisor at Palazzo Chigi.

After a while I get the link of the letter from Luca Josi to Dago on "Dagospia", a letter that writes in one go, with impetus and with lucidity at the same time, typical of the Luca I know. He is quite right how many words, how many facts, how much confusion and like Josi, I share the idea that a young reader can get by knowing little about that period and having read many controversial and often false or legendary things about Craxi, free and not always reliable reconstructions .

I am from the generation of Luca Josi, secretary of the Socialist Youth Movement, of Luca Josi who does not abandon the wounded Craxi, the Craxi of coin tossing and investigations, I shared an extraordinary period with him, I met the man of my life and comrades back then are still my comrades and my friends. I have never denied my history and my belonging, I cannot do it because I have been a socialist for three generations and because then with awareness I chose to be one, sometimes paying a high and unmotivated price.

I have listened to so many tales and so many stories about the Moro story, so many points of view and so many, perhaps, legends, I live a few steps from the cursed Via Fani and I do not forget, but I cannot 'historically' judge what is being told. But I can agree with Josi when he writes that after Craxi's death everyone told their Craxi, free interpretations of a complex man, everyone defined him, in his last Italian period, not very lucid or as it appears in the letter on Dagospia "opaque".

Josi, who was very close to him, suggests that he would not define him that way and moreover in the film for which Pierfrancesco Favino is nominated for the David di Donatello "Hammamet”, Bettino Craxi, albeit in an exile, is a man who seems to be all but tarnished except in some moments by pain, illness and the awareness of the end. Was his clarity really gone? And I wonder if the story could really have changed if Craxi had told everything, so I quote the letter on Dagospia, Josi referring to Craxi writes: "there were infinite arguments, speakable and less, but since he did not make them public, they must remain with him ”.

In the Corsera interview, Veltroni asks questions about the past and history, questions that he could also ask himself, he was there, he was on the "camper" with D'Alema in March 1990 in Rimini to meet Craxi, forgive the irony but the questions are not those of a novice young journalist and I can't believe his naivety. 

But what moved me to write is precisely the last question addressed to Acquaviva as Luca Josi well underlines with irony: "What is the self-criticism that socialists can make by looking at their history?"And how not to agree with the comment that Josi writes:"not a car, but a criticism It is true that we have lost the challenge of reformist socialism, we have given our battles to others unable to carry them out, we have allowed our vision to be annihilated. The socialist leadership group dealt with foreign policy knowing the dossiers and history, diplomacy was an Italian excellence, Europe was an achievement but did not include surrender to the strongest countries and especially to the strong powers, immigration was already an alarm launched at unsuspecting times and many other things left undone.

History as Francesco De Gregori says: "... it's us, nobody feels offended ... be careful, nobody feels excluded ... it's us who write the letters, it's us who have everything to win and everything to lose ..."

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