When, about ten days ago, "Moondo" alarmed his readers, describing the
weakened role of Germany president on duty for a semester of the Council, but
certainly hegemonic and essential power to solve any crisis
continental and worldwide, some voices - authoritative and worthy of attention - have
dissent, especially around the role and weight that the Chancellor is or would be in
able to exercise.
Perhaps it is good to remember that the Treaties designed for the six-monthly presidency
EU powers other than in the past.
With the Lisbon Treaty of 2009 almost all sectors (including the budget) have entered the co-decision procedure (renamed the legislative procedure)
ordinary "), which has increased Parliament's power to some extent; the
Council of Ministers adopted qualified majority voting and the European Council was established in a separate institution with a permanent president. There
Court of Justice has had some minor renaming and adjustments. In addition, the
Central Bank has become a complete institution.
The Commission European Union was conceived as an "executive" of the Union, that is how
body that proposes the laws and, when approved, manages them.
The parliament it gives confidence to the President and to the individual members of the Commission, substantiating the right of the voting citizens to interpret, with the majority
expressed by the elections, the assent or denial of the proposal submitted to him
for the appointment of the President of the Commission; Parliament protects the
citizens' rights and the laws proposed by the Commission are approved.
The European Council, which elects its President every two years, is made up of
representatives of the Member States and of course the Commission. Among others
powers - ultimately assesses the approval of the laws proposed by the
Commission and voted by Parliament.
These three institutions are very important and if they work together the Union works
well for the benefit of all.
The lack of approval of a European Constitution has dramatically increased i
powers of the national states so that, as an example, it is sufficient that the Council does not
put on the agenda the vote on Laws proposed by the Commission and voted by the
Parliament because these are not being applied.
The perception now widespread in the opinion of states and peoples is that it guides it
half-yearly of cabinet has turned this Institute into one
temporary presidency of the summits of the heads of state and government and the meetings of the
ministers competent by area of discussion (often, much more than imagined, ministers do not participate in the ministerial summits but the permanent representatives of the states, that is, ambassadors).
This perception changes when the semester is led by one of the founding countries
classified as "large", especially France, Italy and above all the
Germany, which is recognized for political leadership closely related to
economic and strategic role it expresses in the geopolitical system.
Absit iniura verbis therefore if you dare to declare that the success or failure of
intentions, now studied for months, to overcome the most serious economic and social crisis
who hit the world, it is said that the shoulders of Germany, led by Merkel,
they have often shown impatience with taking on the burdens that reality imposes.
It is perhaps risky, certainly insidious, a few hours after the opening of the European summit
and yes and no 48 hours after its conclusion, venture into predictions that, in a clear way,
outline the conclusions of a very complex political and system process. I consider
However, the analysts of the next day run into greater pitfalls, among them that of
having to explain in retrospect what was not previously understood with words
of those rulers who have interests that are not always publicly expressed.
In these two weeks no improvements have been made yet
substantial to a critical fate that seems to inexorably slip on a plane
inclined by contradictory interests.
The concrete risks that will be caused by failure to achieve remain evident
the expected developments of a European plan for reconstruction, economic development and
social security of the European Union and, above all, for the way in which the current
EU Council President Michel thinks together to Chancellor Merkel, who is
possible to find a mediationtechnically "anti statuary", on a plan of
compromise which reduces the size of the budget made available to States for
their livelihood to the crisis and opens to a control of the nation states on the use of
funds, contrary to the letter and the spirit of the Treaties which entrust this
task of the Commission and Parliament.
The particularities that Merkel and Michel have introduced are certainly not minutiae
on the negotiation table. Reserve 30% of EU funds for the transition
Climate is certainly a "heavy" choice to which many, including the writer, can
look with interest. It is clear that Michel's proposal to decrease the ceiling
speculated for the Recovery Fund does not solve but aggravates, especially after the summit
Franco-German, the institutional and political debt of the EU and puts Merkel in difficulty.
A difficulty that, judging from the official reports of the Merkel-Count meeting,
it risks having to be overcome with a heavy political commitment: do not diminish the
roof hypothesized and still under discussion: 750 million for the Recovery Fund, 500 for
grants and 250 for loans, deriving from own funds and from the issue of a European Bund, to be added to the 540 already decided (240 for the States- ESM-, 200 for businesses
–BEI-, 100 for workers- SURE-), but by changing control rules and
allocation of funds, both for new and existing ones.
It is now redundant to comment on the complicated system that is being studied, that is
the introduction of imposing contributions on plastic, on carbon at the borders, one
digital tax, reforms of the emissions trading mechanism; you can
note that the proposed compromise, for example, in the face of rapid difficulties
Tax impositions, on the other hand, easily keep the antiquated rebates of which alive
they enjoy five states (frugal or clever according to the point of view), which would be gratified
for about five billion from the cancellation of the discounts, now indebtedness
received, on the sums that should be paid to the Union, moreover - like
proposed by the Commission - without any progressive reduction of their amount.
This is not about minutiae. The concept of rebate was the leitmotiv of European politics
Thacherian, which was partially justified by the exclusion of Great Britain from
a series of allocations, starting with that of the European funds for agriculture,
which at the time represented 25% of the Commission's budget: in one fell swoop
only the Germanic semester, rather than facilitating the building of a Union
modern and contemporary to present needs, it would be able to return to the past and to
rekindle the outdated complaints that accompanied the proBrexit campaigns.
Then reserve 5 billion to compensate “the countries most affected by the exit of the Kingdom
Kingdom ", that is the usual Holland and other small countries bordering on the
North, as well as changing the distribution key of the Recovery Fund opens (or
closes) another interesting chapter. A basic idea of the compromise
Merkel and Michel, initially plans the breakdown based on
population, GDP per capita and unemployment rates 2015-2019 and then in two years
replaces the unemployment criterion on the development of GDP 2020-2021; in
at the same time it anticipates the reimbursement fees to 2026 instead of 2028, leaving an arbitrator
rather than the evaluations and their consequences
Commission and Parliament. So he puts himself back, with the violence of power and need,
in the hands of Germany, as of its allies, a power that the Treaties do not
they entrust and that, however, does not deserve because Berlin does not accept responsibility
policies that are connected to its role in the system not only in Europe.
And so yes, Angela Merkel is about to lose her role in history if the Union in
most serious moment of the weakness that expresses the world system, fails,
despite the most favorable of the occasions, to restore a soul and hope to
A necessary continental political cohesion must be restored to the EU to block one
disintegration of the multilateral world order, hitherto existing but increasingly in
difficulties in the face of the risks faced by the planetary balance between unequal states and societies, to overcome, with great effort, the imaginable catastrophic consequences of the world's first Cold War interconnected, triggered by ideological and technological conflict between China and the USA, accompanied by those who are more than glimmers of hot war in the Mediterranean and Iran and the normalization of Hong Kong and the militarization of the South China Sea, to which Washington opposes naval military maneuvers to reaffirm its supremacy in the Oceans.
Reducing the success or otherwise of the European maneuver for survival
economic factors suggested by the different types of national sovereignty, as they were before
of the explosion of the crisis of absolute free trade, based on the defense of
supposed identities and particular interests, is no longer possible, due to the singularities
of the crisis that the planet is experiencing, indeed, experience suggests that every policy is today
influential only if it proposes solutions that accompany accommodation
immediate problems also for planetary models of development, based on values
peacefully recognized as universal, in order to reduce, before eliminating them, the
unequal and climatic tensions that unilateralism has proven incapable of
tackle and resolve (Covid docet).
Overcoming small and distorted assessments of needs, needs, possibilities of
commitment and probability of success of small and undignified countries, such as Holland,
without proposing together with the funds necessary for the reconstruction a proposal, too
unilateral of Europe, because social justice, reduction of inequalities,
Preservation of the planet are considered global public goods is a fatal mistake.
Europe, which for better or for worse, has been for millennia and especially from above
Middle Ages at the beginning of the decolonization process a reference point
essential for the world order, today it has disappeared from the radar of the great protagonists
politicians; can and must have the courage to propose a civilization of consensus around the
centrality of man and his interests in the world transformed by Big Data; of the
democracy in complex society - very different from that of the great Revolutions
and the San Francisco Charter they designed-; of Peace which is the lintel of life and
of the well-being to which, in the current conditions, mass destruction is opposed
due to wars than to the implosion of the planet.
To demand everything together and immediately would not only be intellectually trivial,
it would be absurd: everything must be invented.
Remember the need to commit Europe to return to the economy
continental, fueled by the development of individual countries, the possibility of not
cause harm to the nations that have been least affected by the crisis, as it has
remembered Chancellor Merkel in her statements and interviews, it is a symptom of
weakness before the German electorate and it is also poverty of vision.
The symbols, he recalled on 25 June 2020, in an intervention at the IAI (Istituto Affari
International) Professor Angelo Bolaffi, Germanist and absolute political scientist
value, and convinced, motivated, supporter of the skills and merits gained in the
government of Germany by the Chancellor, highlight the reality for what it is, not
for what is conceivable: “for the first time Germany chairs a semester
European Commission with a German politician at the head of the Commission: Ursula von
der Leyen. We must remember that the first and last president of the Commission
German was Walter Hallstein in 1958, when the Commission itself was founded. We now have a presence of Germany in full in Europe.
I would also remember that this is the second time that Chancellor Angela Merkel has
presides over a semester - the last time was on the eve of the great economic crisis and
today comes after the great Covid-19 crisis. So there are symbols
very strong. It is evident that then it was a question of saving the Euro and today it is a question of saving the
pro-European project in a world that is no longer the one in which the idea of the Union is
European was born. "
"Moondo" had highlighted the difficulties facing Angela's Germany semester
Merkel is dutifully called to overcome: those caused by the loneliness of the
our continent for the crisis generated by the United States in the transatlantic relationship e
those induced by the loneliness that Europe must endure after the storm
abandonment of the pro-European project of what had been its co-author and protector,
always the United States.
Loneliness does not suit states, let alone super national sovereignties that
they will have to find coexistence methods and contents that they will replace, more for
necessity than by opportunity, the current exercise of powers no longer nationally
Without the Franco-German balance, which today only formally resists, German essentiality appears dramatically insufficient for a Europe that must, as von der Leyen said, learn the art of power and the science of geopolitics, but cannot access to additional courses, because time is also measured in reference to needs, which we all feel impending, pressing.
While not belonging to those who charge Covid for the end of a known world of the economy and who feel orphaned at the moment in search of new ties, there is no doubt that the wait for solutions to the multiple crises caused by ordoliberalism, of which its own Germany was a pupil and unyielding teacher in Europe, she was invoked quickly, possibly accelerated.
It is up to Germany and between two semesters to France, to put the EU back on the road it
leads to the new millennium. Unfortunately, foreign constraints, especially economic ones, and the
internal weaknesses have currently downgraded the chances of a more accident
Italian action. There is concern to consider the damage done to politics
European Union and its possibility of interlocution for peace and development
conditionings to the life of the European Institutions placed through the States
crafty; the difficulty in closing the deal with the UK after Brexit; and
still the unattractive role of fragile glass in the tension between China and the United States,
the loss of role in the dialogue with Russia, which is beginning to show signs of serious
restlessness both for the bleak economic prospects that pollute his life
social and internal politics, and, in NATO's weakness, the increases
Defense concerns magnified by the disappearance from the European diplomatic radar of
Moscow and Turkey.
The past epoch does not stop the future
The consequences of the explosion of inequality, caused by consolidation
of market power in finance and technology industry, originated from
Promise the immediate solution of a crisis, which is not really European,
started for decades, inventing emergency solutions with the excuse that we live
in the age of discontent, of the exclusion of two thirds of humanity from the progressive
increased opportunities to benefit from well-being and development, it is a sad lie.
Thirty years ago the collapse of the Berlin Wall, symbol of many contradictions,
celebrated the victory of democracy and the triumph of its flag as definitive,
the global market.
Two alternative visions of the world have always been contrasted, symbolized by one
everlasting struggle between good and evil. Fortunately, according to some, it has prevailed
the natural and moral instincts of most of society for the imperious
resilience, that is, the ability of man at the center of the universe to be able to offer trust, of
knowing how to accept changes as a capacity not of supine acceptance but, al
on the contrary, to enhance the optimism of the intelligence that sharpens the ability to
change points of approach to problems, with positive thinking, every time you do
makes it necessary to reinterpret reality and face the big sea with optimism
The past tense has also testified that the good is imposed from time to time
fruit of social morality, the seed of which was sown generously by men of
goodwill, evil occasionally wins. Since the times of history are a
they are different from those that measure the special watches that regulate ours
personal life, it has happened and it will happen that the spoliation of unpredictable capital, such as
the truth and the democratic contribution of the sciences to the government of the world, render
complex remediation of extreme inequalities, which make it necessary today
and the study and evolution of new decision-making processes is urgent, to enhance the
democracies that the current financial, media and communication system limits and often
The philosopher Jürgen Habermas, taking inspiration from the global health crisis, has
suggested in an interview with Nicola Truong, that governments must take them today
their decisions by referring to the knowledge and suggestions of the experts.
Sure Habermas has referred to Covid, but for some time his studies, and not
only his, centered the link between society, language, politics, framed
within the contemporary late capitalist period.
Having had the good fortune to study with Gianni Statera, who more than others worked specifically on student movements and political violence, I met (to
intellectual knowledge, not directly) Habermas, exponent of the second
generation of the Frankfurt School. The socio-philosopher in his critical proposal
structural, and also economic-political, of current capitalism, in a perspective
ethics of democracy, makes it more revolutionary than the extension of
reflections on deliberative democracy, because it meant social criticism as
unity of theory and practice (method certainly not unknown to the school
Marxian) but which today requires a decisive political and conflictual action for the
structural criticism of the social context. The young Habermas while suffering from several
Philosophical influences, especially that of Heidegger, meant philosophy as
a discipline both theoretical and practical, aimed also at the political criticism of the existent. Already at the time Habermas placed the rational form of society at the center of society
science and technology, the cornerstone of social life.
The crisis of rationality is the driving force behind the disintegration of social institutions,
because this movement breaks the adherence between the traditions that legitimize the
power and those that guide the action and the new criteria of logical systems.
Which is part of a rational systematization of the transition of politics to one
real economic technique within which democracy unfolds.
Europe will be able to participate in the revolution necessary to establish a possible life
of and on the planet, when, placing man at the center of his interests, the recovery of
inter-subjective reasons, through the dialogue between politicians, scientists and public opinion, will find a place of action commonly accepted in the acceptance of the
relationship with a new and recognized importance of law; then he will be born again
democratic social medium and communication processes, also in the model of
deliberative democracy, they will be in a position to face the hegemonic claim
of the systemic logic that currently (mal?) rules the world and that Habermas
reported as "colonization of the world of life".
The theory of communicative action, still understood as social criticism, represents a
epistemologically possible landing of thought between individual and society.
It is worth mentioning Habermas also to remember that in the past era it was him,
together with Pope Benedict XVI, the protagonist of a reflection on interrelation
between democracy and religion, which in the present era assumes a great interest
speculative, proposing the overcoming of the atavistic rift that separates religion and
secularism (Zwischen Naturalismus und Religion, 2005; trad. it. Between science and faith, 2006).
The Washington consensus, described as democracy and free market, and the
"Bejjng consensus", exemplification of authoritarianism and state capitalism,
they cannot become the insurmountable limit of a new (and cruel) division
There is no national sovereignty capable of actively cooperating in the development of a
balanced world order because the borders of the crisis are much wider than they are
national and powerless political sovereignty is not exercised.
There are priorities that need to be addressed in the short term, among them they cannot
find place those measures that were put in place in 2008 and 2017 and that have
resulted in tax cuts for billionaires and large corporations
(2017), save Wall Street in 2008 and, today, help multinationals. Face up to
the health emergency, protect the weak and needy, provide necessary liquidity
to avoid, where failures are preventable, but not to save, in words maybe, everyone,
with the inevitable result of limiting growth making the duty to maintain
workers linked to production, not to already heavily indebted decociated enterprises -
thus helping entrepreneurs who for various reasons have not realized their business
but condemning the workers and unnecessarily indebted the tax authorities.
There are essential and not immediate priorities, such as the design of a policy, of one
community choice of solidarity, who are animators of positive energies within
Europe and lighthouse, an attractive example for the world.
That's why Moondo wrote that with this semester you get a part too
(politics) is better than nothing, provided that operational hope is left to Europe and
in the world.
We must work for a new European sovereignty, free from the old heritage of the
state domination over states and light of progress and well-being for its citizens and for
men on the planet. It is necessary to have a political vision and history behind it
of Merkel seem weak to bear, because much more interested in the "refuge" in
to mend Germany against the hostilities of the world, already so compromised by the long
sovereignist chain of errors that linked Trump to his predecessors.
As long as man is a being who knows how to hope, utopia is inevitable. Who does not perceive the
utopian dimension in desire does not know what desire is and not being able
realizing utopia (Betriebsutopie) relies on historical determinism, which is the field
action of the few winners and the cemetery of the many losers.
This is why I have a utopian hope in the dark sky that seems to dominate us
fine, realist in the contingent.