It is September 20, 1870: Pius IX, who had among his amusements that of composing charades, plays one on the word 'tremble' (three: + sea = tremble). The three verses, absolutely of no value, equally had their history only because they came out of this venerable pen:
Three does not go beyond my prime;
the other is very vast and very treacherous
and often makes the whole thing try!
Modern puzzles are rich in a large variety of games: based on a pretext scheme, they turn out to be nothing more than a set of riddles-riddles connected by a common matrix (the apparent title-subject) and their solutions contribute to the composition of the pre-established lexicon-structural scheme.
The best known of these mechanisms is the "charade"; it is made up of two or more parts which, read one after the other, form an absolutely independent total in terms of linguistic derivation:
gin + eye = knee
Despite the spread of the charade even among the non-specialist public, the origin of its name remains much disputed. One of the noteworthy explanations is that charade would derive from charrado (charado in Provencal: ("speech made to pass the time"), meaning "conversation", in connection with charar, converse (in the same direction a reference with Italian is also possible chatter,the Spanish chat and Romanian charar).
In its modern form the charade, abandoned the old methods of composition, is wide-ranging and each of its verses represents a part of it; in the case of a short game, it is instead one or more verses that articulate the constitutive elements.
The same word 'charade' constitutes the "total" of this example of Lilianaldo; the first verse defines the wake, the second the rada, the third and fourth together conceal the total charade:
THE FEMALE OF PORTS
If a sailor leaves behind it,
peace often offers to others within;
and with the first and the second,
all in all, she is firmly resolved!
This other example de The slave, while quite simple, it is full of original ideas. The specification "Charade (4 + 2 = 6)" indicates that it is a word of 4 letters which, combined with another of 2, makes a total of 6 letters.
He steps forward with a gloomy air
before the "yes" going up the ladder:
however, once out of the church,
you can see that she is quite relieved!
At the first part, gloomy, must follow the la (the note that precedes the "yes" in the musical scale) in order to obtain the total dome, the vault of the church located up there.
Zanzibar was the pseudonym of Piero Bartezzaghi, who in the '70s and' 80s was certainly the best known riddle in Italy, mainly thanks to his and his readers' weekly efforts on a very popular periodical of popular puzzles.
The creator of that damned "free scheme" was, however, also an excellent author and highly awarded protagonist of the modern art of Oedipus. The following is one of his many works, a charade (4 + 4 = 8) in which the parts are each expressed by one of the stanzas
LIVING AMONG MEN,
DESPITE THE MEN
Let's go on the path of the evening
among the flowers of the garden
the shadow of our sadness.
Behind screens embroidered with light
we drown alone
in heaps of tears:
and our end is already precipitating.
Each for himself,
in this arid picture
and who is alone does not even know how to understand
the vanity of a song.
From every terminus
the race of one and the other
for a corner appointment:
but the square is deserted.
So it was
for the white dove without a nest
still chasing the sweet moon.
Between the continents of the night
lies with loneliness
the flower not caught.
And where are you, man?
What is reported is the explanation of the charade, but with the understanding that the reader reread the verses reread trying to grasp all the nuances present in both meanings.